Αt the rivers, the streams and the reservoirs of the RMNP there are dwelling 11 native species of ichthyofauna and 9 imported*.
The majority of the native species belongs at the family of Cyprinidae. In flowing water there are significant populations of Orpheus Chub (Squalius orpheus Kottelat & Economidis) and the Strumica Barbel (Barbus strumicae Karaman) and in lakes there are big populations of the Strymon Spirlin (Alburnoides strymonicus Chichkoff) and the European Perch (Perca fluviatilis L.). The last ones where settled gradually with the transform, in these particular places, of the river environment, with the flowing water, to reservoirs. Inside the park can be also found the Nestos Trout (Salmo macedonicus Karaman, syn. Salmo macrostigma Duméril), which according to the Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC is endemic and it needs to be under protection.
* Final technical report of the subproject “Inventory and study of the fish fauna of the River Nestos and actions for the protection of the fish fauna reserves in the ecosystem” Fisheries Research Institute
Following there is an indicative table of the Ichthyofauna of the RMRNP:
Fish Fauna of the Rodopi Mountain-Range National Park (RMNP) and conservation status
RED LIST of THREATENED SPECIES of GREECE
IUCN Red List
HABITATS DIRECTIVE 92/43/EEC
Oxynoemacheilus bureschi Drensky
Strymon stone loach
Cobitis strumicae Karaman (syn. Cobitis taenia L.)
* species that have been transferred from similar ecosystems
- NATURA 2000
- Legakis, A., & Maragou, P. (2009). The Red Data Book of threatened animal species of Greece. Hellenic Zoological Society, Athens.
- Hellenic Ministry for the Environment Physical Planning & Public Works (H.M.E.P.P.P.W.), (2002). Special Environmental Study (S.E.S.) of the Rodopi Mountain-Range. [The file folder and content of the S.E.S. is based on the compilation and evaluation of the studies Tsiaoussi et. al. 1996 (Specific Management Plan for the site Periochi Elatia (GR1140003). Greek Biotope-Wetland Centre), Christoforidou et. al. 1998 (Special Environmental Study of Frakto - Haidou Koula and Surrounding Peaks. Prefecture of Drama) and Gatzogiannis et. al. 1999 (Special Environmental Study of the Rodopi region. Project LIFE- NATURE, ARCTOS (Phase II)/ LIFE96 NAT/GR/003222) and has been approved by the 186837/3275/25.9.2006 decision of the General Secretariat for Environment of the H.M.E.P.P.P.W.]. Vol. A & B. Athens: pp 513.
- Economidis P.S., M. Koutrakis, A. Apostolou, M. Vassilev & L. Pehlivanov (Eds.), 2009. Atlas of RIiver Nestos Fish Fauna. Prefectural Authority of Drama-Kavala-Xanthi, NAGREF - Fisheries Research Institute and Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Kavala, Greece, pp. 181.
- Fisheries Research Institute. M.Koutrakis, G. Sylaios, N. Kamidis, D. Markou, A. Sapounidis, P. Leontarakis, D. Lahouvaris & P.S. Economidis (2008). INTERFISH: Inventory and study of the fish fauna of the River Nestos and actions for the protection of the fish fauna reserves in the ecosystem
Glossary for the table of Fish Fauna
Red List of Threatened species of Greece / IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria:
CR: Critically Endangered
ΝΤ: Near Threatened
LC: Least Concern
DD: Data Deficient
ΝΕ: Not Evaluated
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC:
II : Annex II (Animal and Plant species of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation)
IV: Annex IV (Animal and Plant species of community interest in need of strict protection)
V: Annex V (Animal and Plant species of community interest whose taking in the wild and exploitation may be subject to management measures)
II : Appendix II (Strictly protected fauna species)
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