The rich diversity of mammals which dwells inside the forests of the RMNP had as result the integration of large areas into the Natura 2000 network and the characterization of the whole area of the RMNP as “protected”. According to the Environmental Study of the Rodopi Mountain-Range, in the area of the park can be met 57 mammalian species from which 14 of them are referred to the Annex II of the Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC. The RMNP is one of the last refuges for the Brown Bear in Greece. The Brown Bear is threatened to extinction in Greece according to The Red Data Book of Greece, and is mentioned as a species of community interest under the Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC and one of the largest carnivores that exist.
Other significant species of the region are the Chamois which dwells onto the steep slopes of Rodopi (the main population dwells at the old growth virgin forest of Frakto), the Red Deer which in Greece is threatened with extinction since the total population of the country is 20-30 individuals, the European Otter and many Bat species which according to The Red Data Book of Greece and the IUCN Red list, are mentioned as vulnerable, like the Daubenton's Bat, the Greater Noctule Bat and Geoffroy's Bat.
Other species which can be found in the RMNP are the Wolf (which in Greece is characterized as vulnerable), the Roe Deer, the Wild Boar, the European Wildcat, etc.
Following there is an indicative table of the mammals of the RMNP:
Mammalia of the Rodopi Mountain Range National Park (RMNP) and conservation status
Microtus (Pitymys) subterraneus De Sélys-Longchamps
European Pine Vole
Myodes (Clethrionomys) glareolus Schreber
Apodemus agrarius Pallas
Striped Field Mouse
Apodemus flavicollis Melchior
Apodemus mystacinus Danford & Alston
Broad-toothed Field Mouse
Apodemus sylvaticus L.
Mus abbotti Waterhouse (syn. Mus domesticus Rutty, Mus musculus L.)
Canis lupus L.
Vulpes vulpes L.
Ursus arctos L.
Martes foina Erxleben
Meles meles L.
Mustela nivalis L.
Mustela putorius L.
Lutra lutra L.
Felis silvestris Schreber
Sus scrofa L.
Cervus elaphus L.
Capreolus capreolus L.
Rupicapra rupicapra (L.) ssp. balcanica Bolkay
- NATURA 2000
- IUCN 2018. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-1.
- Hellenic Zoological Society. (2009). Red List of Threatened species of Greece
- Hellenic Ministry for the Environment Physical Planning & Public Works (H.M.E.P.P.P.W.), (2002). Special Environmental Study (S.E.S.) of the Rodopi Mountain-Range. [The file folder and content of the S.E.S. is based on the compilation and evaluation of the studies Tsiaoussi et. al. 1996 (Specific Management Plan for the site Periochi Elatia (GR1140003). Greek Biotope-Wetland Centre), Christoforidou et. al. 1998 (Special Environmental Study of Frakto - Haidou Koula and Surrounding Peaks. Prefecture of Drama) and Gatzogiannis et. al. 1999 (Special Environmental Study of the Rodopi region. Project LIFE- NATURE, ARCTOS (Phase II)/ LIFE96 NAT/GR/003222) and has been approved by the 186837/3275/25.9.2006 decision of the General Secretariat for Environment of the H.M.E.P.P.P.W.]. Vol. A & B. Athens: pp 513.
- Zidarova S. 2006. Small mammals (Insectivora, Rodentia and Lagomorpha) of the Western Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece).
- Mertzanis, G., Galanaki, A., Georgiakakis, P., Iliopoulos, G., Theodoropoulos, I. Kominos, Th., Kontsiotis, B., Papaioannou, H., Palaskas, D., Tragos, A., Tsiaras, D. and Nouska, P. 2015. Phases A',B', C’: Act: «Surveillance and assessment of the conservation status of the mammalian speciesof Community Interest in the Rodopi Mountain-Range National Park». Contractor: D. Tsiaras- A. Tsiaras.
Glossary for the table of Mammalia
Red List of Threatened species of Greece / IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria:
CR: Critically Endangered
ΝΤ: Near Threatened
LC: Least Concern
DD: Data Deficient
ΝΕ: Not Evaluated
Council Directive 92/43/EEC:
II : Annex II (Animal and Plant species of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation)
IV: Annex IV (Animal and Plant species of community interest in need of strict protection)
V: Annex V (Animal and Plant species of community interest whose taking in the wild and exploitation may be subject to management measures)
II : Appendix II (Strictly protected fauna species)
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